Family houses

Zafra-Uceda en Aranjuez. Madrid

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Zafra-Uceda family house in Aranjuez

NO.MAD Arquitectos. Eduardo Arroyo, arquitecto

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This interesting family house project situates the framework of its architectural reflection on the forms of relationship with the landscape by establishing a hierarchy and different ways of formalising this relationship through the design of the external skin and its enclosure systems.

In a housing estate with very few urban conditions, the volumetric outline of the building imposes itself on the void that surrounds it, allowing the programme of the house to connect with the only objects in the distant external landscape that merit any interest. In addition, in this inanimate and speculative spot, the house closes itself off from any possible undesired relations, maintaining a minimum of required conditions of visibility and accessibility.

On the basis of the regulations that to a great extent limited the possibilities of occupation of the plot, the project has required two floors to accommodate the requested programme. This represents a wavering margin in the figure of occupation that is very near to the square in the ground plan. The manner of acting on this parallelepiped has basically consisted of introducing into its perimeter a series of conditions that connect it with the distant landscape and foster the internal possibilities of use of the plot. To this end it has recognised the objects on the horizon that merited a leading role in the views from the house interior, defining its position and connecting it with the functional programmes of each one of the two floors: the mountains from the ground floor seen from the living room, the old district and the lowlands from the upper floor from the terrace and bedroom, etc. Emptied out of the external volume are the gaps for the garage and the access in the ground floor, with connection to the street, and the living room and kitchen terraces with the plot. On the upper floor, privacy is guaranteed by two terraces, one north-facing, open only to the sky and populated by a cactus collection, and a south-facing one where the vocation to connect with the various distant landscapes configures multiple filtered gaps. The determination to focus on the views from the house of specific points in the landscape ultimately generates a system in the manner of a highly precise supporting built network.

The layout of the house does not divide it into sectors, as it conserves the character and function inherent to each space. Thus, the separation of uses is achieved through a winding laminar element that, in search of a global geometry, defines the perimeter of each programme around a centralised double-height space. This broken element incorporates the staircase and all the installations and flows of the building, providing for both parallel faces the two specific properties of the interior of this house: a variable iridescent skin with direct or indirect light, and another mirrored skin that multiplies the perception of the spaces, attracting the landscape into the interior. The living room space on to which all the programmes in the house open is perforated by openings at different heights, open or glazed, to permit luminous or intuited visual relations between the different uses and with the exterior, while the shell of the house qualifies its built perimeter through various actions, according to the surroundings and the type of interior use.

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Situación: Aranjuez, Madrid. Autor: NO.MAD Arquitectos. Eduardo Arroyo, arquitecto. Colaboradores: David Rodríguez, Lars-Sebastian Dillner, arquitectos, Alfonso Cuenca, Nati Cobos, arquitectos técnicos. Estructuras: Joaquín Antuña, Alfonso Robles, arquitectos. Instalaciones: INECO 98, ingenieros. Constructor: Santamaria-Ayuso. Fotografía: Roland Halbe y Miguel de Guzmán.
Eduardo Arroyo
Nomad Arquitectos
Roland Halbe
Stuttgart, Alemania
Miguel De Guzmán