Navalmoral de la Mata, Cáceres. Spain

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La Gota Culture Centre, Tobacco Museum

Ramiro Losado-Amor y Roberto García

Description Technical file

A disembodied elevation with refined geometries that filter sunlight through its walls personalises the lighting ambience of this building with its hybrid characteristics of programme and function.
The La Gota (the Drop) Culture Centre is a building intended for exhibition spaces that seeks to create a new urban focal point, bringing its identity to the town of Navalmoral, in Cáceres. Its etymology has its source in an old building situated on the same site in the nineteen-thirties, created with the aim of remedying children’s malnutrition problems through “la Gota de Leche” (The Drop of Milk).
The centre hosts a temporary room, the permanent exhibition of the painter Sofía Feliu and the Tobacco Museum. The centre’s geometry is attributed to the formation of the tobacco plant, with the principle of equality and diversity inherent to this vegetable. The building thus contains a stem which acts as the vertical communication and structure, from which issue floors of equal size and morphology, but with a diversity of heights and characters and slightly shifted. Indoors, the building insinuates the lighting atmosphere of a tobacco drying house through a ceramic fabric inspired in the traditional brick structure found in these buildings.
The post-tensioned structure with which the building was erected produces, thanks to the active frames, large spans as well as a reduction in the edge of the forgings. The system increases the resilience of the concrete, reduces its deformations and diminishes cracking, thus increasing its useful life. This all leads to a more efficient use of the materials and a reduction in the structure’s total weight.
The five floors which comprise the centre take the shape of five shifted boxes standing one on top of the other. The forgings are stepped in the areas where the boxes overhang in order to create the effect of “one box on top of the other”.
The façade consists of a double skin comprising a glass wall and ceramic fabric. This creates a thermal cushion that directs the gaze from the interior, prevents overheating in the summer season and sketches out the appearance of a tobacco drying house.
The elevation is an industrialised system of flexible ceramic sheets that cover the entire building, forming patterns that project light and shadow on the inside. The system comprises a plait of steel bars in which the ceramic pieces are inserted as a grid, allowing for flexibility, polyvalence and variability. The ceramic façade is divided into 1.00- and 0.75-m modules that combine to generate the external pattern, recalling the traditional tobacco drying houses. The ceramic mesh is held up by top guides screwed into the
forging and sporadic anchoring points to retain it from
the buffeting of the wind in the bottom part.

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Localización Location: Navalmoral de la Mata, Cáceres. Spain. Arquitectos Architects: Ramiro Losado-Amor y Roberto García (Losada García Arquitectos). Colaboradores Collaborators: Lucía Bentué, Toni Gelabert y Adriana Marina Melchor Quesada. Gestión del proyecto Project Management: Ramiro Losada, Alberto García y Óscar González. Ingeniero Engineer: Óscar González. Estructuras e Instalaciones Structures and Installations: Valladares. Promotor Developer: Ciudad de Navalmoral de la Mata y Consejo Provincial de Cáceres. Constructora General Contractor: Dragados S.A. Superficie construida Built area: 1.220m2. Fotografía Photography: Miguel de Guzmán.
Ramiro Losado-Amor

Roberto García

Miguel De Guzmán