Urbanistic development and intervention on the landscape

Barcelona. Spain

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Landscape intervention on the Market of El Clot

Mercè Zazurca i Codolà y César Sánchez Medrano

Description Technical file

The possibility of using selective demolition on one of the lateral façades of the Market of El Clot, in Barcelona, in order to improve the public space, dynamising a run-down area owing to a lack of activity, was the challenge posed by this interesting project.
The closing of the outdoor stalls of part of the Market of El Clot, in Barcelona, contributed to the deterioration of the neighbouring public space, the reason why the neighbours and the Municipal Institute of Barcelona Markets decided on the demolition of these stalls. From that moment on, research was undertaken to acquire more knowledge on the market’s evolution from its construction in the year 1889 by the architect Pere Falques to the present day, seeking to understand the best way of acting to recover a façade that intuition said was not the original one. It was established that an external canopy had existed here, smaller than the current one but which similarly covered the traditional layout of the market’s outdoor sales stalls.
A general intervention was undertaken in 1995 which modified the main façade, gave the market new services and saw the external canopy replaced by a new one, reorganising all the stalls and providing continuity, as a structural element, with the market’s interior area.
In view of all this, the new proposal set out to conserve this structure even though it was not contemporary to the building’s original construction, creating a new image of the market’s lateral façade, generating a set of quality vegetation filters in which to promote different types of market- and neighbourhood-related activities, fostering sustainability, trade and social welfare. A selective demolition was carried out, keeping only the primary metallic structure of the canopy as a support for the vegetation pergola which, operating as a solar filter, would improve thermal and acoustic insulation from the street and the market.
The flexibility of the proposal meant that the sales stalls did not require the alteration of the sales stalls, which initially did not seek to modify their situation, retaining the possibility of creating in the future different configurations and/or indoor-outdoor connections both on a physical and a visual level according to the needs of any given time and of the market’s activity.
The existing metallic structure, which has been left fully exposed, establishes a dialogue with the rest of the building and with the new materials of the proposal based on the presence of stainless steel, on which it was proposed to attach planters and tensioners in the same material to operate as backing for a low-maintenance-type of vegetation. These three pillars of the proposal –existing structure, vegetation and steel—provide the intervention with unity and landscape value.

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Localización Location: Barcelona. Spain. Autores Authors: Mercè Zazurca i Codolà y César Sánchez Medrano, arquitectos / Estudio de Arquitectura e Interiorismo: Teresa Simó Marfà, aparejadora, Maria Lluch Bosch, interiorismo y, Teresa Farràs Agustí, estudiante arquitectura. Arquitecto Técnico Quantity Surveyor: Eduard Píriz. Colaboradores Collaborators: Robert Brufau i Cristina Gil (BBG Estructures, Recerca i Rehabilitació, S.L.P.) y Reinald González i Francesc Caballé (VECLUS S.L.). Promotor Developer: Joan Manuel Llopis i Anna Roca (IMMB, Institut Municipal de Mercats de Barcelona). Constructora General Contractor: Pedro Hernández (Exnovo Rehabilitació i Restauració S.L.), Dani Lacueva (Jardinería Artística Babilon S.L.) y Toni Ruiz (Acero group). Fecha de finalización de la obra Completion date of the works: diciembre 2015. Fotografía Photography: Lluís Casals.
Mercè Zazurca
César Sánchez Medrano

Lluis Casals